Early diagnosis and prevention are the most important elements for the effective treatment of cardiovascular disease. Τhe main risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, high LDL-cholesterol, low HDL-cholesterol and high blood pressure, if treated early, can dramatically reduce the risk of heart attack.
Various mathematical models for calculating a 10-year risk for myocardial infarction or stroke have been developed. The European Society of Cardiology proposes the Heart Score system which can be found here in the Greek version: https://www.heartscore.org/el_GR/access-heartscore/. This system calculates the 10-year risk for fatal cardiovascular events and is used for ages 40 to 65 years. It is extremely useful, as it recognizes patients at very high or high cardiovascular risk who need immediate and aggressive modification of their treatment.
The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology (AHA / ACC) have created the following computational models that estimate the 10-year risk of a first heart attack or stroke: http://static.heart.org/riskcalc/app/index.html#!/baseline-risk, http://www.cvriskcalculator.com/
Cardiovascular risk is calculated for men> 40 years and women> 50 years and is usually repeated every 5 years or at shorter intervals in patients with borderline values. Based on the results of the computer models, the patients are categorized in groups and their treatment is individualized.
Please contact us in case you need personalized detailed clarifications. After the necessary laboratory tests that may be needed, we will calculate the cardiovascular risk and will advise you depending on the results.